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Alarm Basics

Alarm Basics

Today's Alarm System is innovated with best and latest technology. The smart home security is with capabilities of home automation and remote operation.

But Alarm Basics is keeping the same and it is the core of home security system. The principle of home security system is designing the system to detect dangers and notify people at first time to save property and lives.

We need to understand the Alarm Basics. We need to know the security system components and their function. Only after this, we can know what we need to have for our home security.

Alarm Control Panel sometimes is named alarm communicator. Its basic function is receiving signals from initiation devices (contacts, motion detectors, smoke detectors etc.) and activates appropriate notification devices (dialer, horns, strobes). Besides that, the alarm control panel is working to monitor system wiring, status of all system devices and primary power. It processes programmed instructions and reactions. So, the alarm control panel is the heart of home security system. Backup battery is required to keep the security system working for at least 8 hours during AC power failure time.

Keypad is an useful security component but always ignored by home security DIYers. Cause alarm control panel is always hidden for security reason, keypad is used to control and monitor the system instead. With LCD keypad, the system status such as alarm event, zone status can be queried. Keypad can arm, disarm, bypass alarm zones.

Input Devices are detectors used to monitor specific conditions and report status changes to the control panel. They are "Eyes and Ears" of the system. According to responsibility, they are classified as intrusion detectors, perimeter detectors, environment detectors and fire detections.

Output Device is visual, audible or both signal warning device. They are alarm bells, sirens and strobes and activated by alarm control panel or detectors, remotes. For example, MD-214R is a wireless siren strobe can be triggered by maximum 48 detectors or remotes without panel. The same for HB-JHD-2 solar powered siren strobe which can equip max.32 devices. Siren Strobe Alarm Signal gives on premises warning to scare theft and notify neighbors, police patrol.

Both input and output devices can have wireless types. There is wireless transmitter module in the input, output device. On equal, there is wireless receiver module in alarm control panel to pick up the signal. Professional alarm systems manufacturers adopt technology to encrypt the signal especially for burglar alarm. So, when you buy wireless burglar alarm device, make sure to pick up same brand devices and same frequency, for example 433MHz.